Advanced SiGe:C HBTs at Cryogenic Temperatures and Their Compact Modeling With Temperature Scaling

Abstract

The dc and ac performance of advanced SiGe:C heterojunction bipolar transistors (HBTs) featuring transit frequency ( fT ) and maximum oscillation frequency ( fmax ) of 300 and 500 GHz was characterized from 298 K down to 4.3 K. At 4.3 K, the transit frequency fT increases by 65% from measured 317 GHz (at 298 K) to 525 GHz. The increase of fT starts to saturate below 73 K. The physical reasons for the temperature variation of the experimental characteristics and simple model extensions for improving existing compact models (CMs) are discussed so that they can be used for estimating circuit design results at cryogenic temperatures (CTs). The model extensions are verified using experimental data. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first demonstration of modeling advanced SiGe:C HBTs for such a wide temperature range from deep cryogenic to room temperature (RT) (4.3–298 K).

Publication
Advanced SiGe:C HBTs at Cryogenic Temperatures and Their Compact Modeling With Temperature Scaling
Markus Müller
Markus Müller
Research Associate and PhD candidate

My research interests include compact modeling, TCAD and circuit simulation of advanced HBTs.